Visit to Salzburg, Austria

travel

Last weekend I ventured back into Austria for a short day trip across the border to Salzburg — what many people call the “land of Mozart” and was the setting for “The Sound of Music”. 

For me, this was a completely unplanned trip (unlike me) but it was a great getaway from a very quiet Garching, the busy Munich centre and explore something new and different. I’m a great fan of classical music, including Mozart, so I felt it would be a wasted opportunity not to travel to this famous city which is a mere hour and forty minutes from Munich. And with the Bayern (Bavaria) ticket, it makes it more than worth a short visit for just 23 EUR to travel all across Bavaria which includes Salzburg — a stone’s throw from the German-Austrian border.

To my great surprise, the weather seemed mostly on my side.  The short train ride made for some great views and as I arrived in Salzburg, there were some stunning old markets with a mix of Austrian, German and Italian treats.

Entering the old town (or “altstadt”), I wandered around the cobbled streets and took in the baroque architecture — magnificently preserved in this unique city, offering a multitude of colour.

Salzburg's "Old Town" (Altstadt),  listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997.

Salzburg’s “Old Town” (Altstadt), listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. Credit: Ryan J.M.Laird

The old town seemed fairly easily to navigate; small enough that you don’t easily get lost. Despite its small scale, there is a huge wealth of culture, which unfortunately I didn’t have the time to fully explore. I stumbled upon the Residenzplatz, the city’s central square which played some great jazz music and made for a very nice stop.

A view from Residenzplatz, at the centre of historic Salzburg. Credit: Ryan J.M.Laird

A view from Residenzplatz, at the centre of historic Salzburg. Credit: Ryan J.M.Laird

I love castles, so the visit wouldn’t be complete without visiting the city’s fortress. As seen from Residenzplatz at the top of  Festungsberg, a small hill, lies Festung Hohensalzburg (or “High Salt Fortress”) — one of the oldest medieval castles in Europe.

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Festung Hohensalzburg (Hohensalzburg Castle) — an icon of the city of Salzburg and one of the largest medieval castles in Europe. Credit: Ryan J.M.Laird

It’s a pity I couldn’t get a better picture of the castle! It was cloudy as I went up (although it had been sunny as I walked through the old town) and then it rained as I came back down. Luckily when I reached the top, it made for some stunning views of the surrounding area.

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Looking south from the top of Festung Hohensalzburg (Hohensalzburg Castle). Credit: Ryan J.M.Laird

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Looking (approximately) southwest from Festung Hohensalzburg (Hohensalzburg Castle). Credit: Ryan J.M.Laird

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View from inside Festung Hohensalzburg (Hohensalzburg Castle) peering through a small window out to the city of Salzburg. Credit: Ryan J.M.Laird

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Inside the castle, there is a small area which shows “The World of Puppets” and includes Maria von Trapp from “The Sound of Music”.

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Taking the “Festungsbahn”, the funicular railway, down from the Hohensalzburg Castle. Credit: Ryan J.M.Laird

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The train back to Munich after a good day trip around historic Salzburg. Credit: Ryan J.M. Laird

Visit to Neuschwanstein

travel

A few weeks ago, on my birthday, I ventured off with a visiting friend on a tour of Neuschwanstein castle (“New Swanstone castle”).

With an early start, we needed to be at Munich’s central station (Hauptbahnhof) before 09:30 am for a guided tour. Packed with several snacks and drinks for the journey, we took the train to the village of Füssen in southwest Bavaria, about a 2-hour trip from Munich. At Füssen, a coach then met us for the short ride to the village of Hohenschwangau.

We began the tour in sight of Schloss Hohenschwangau, the childhood residence of King Ludwig II of Bavaria and was built by his father, King Maximilian II of Bavaria. From here, we made our gradual ascent towards Neuschwanstein.

Hohenschwangau Castle (High Swan County Palace),  the childhood residence of King Ludwig II of Bavaria. Credit: Ryan J. M. Laird

Hohenschwangau Castle (High Swan County Palace), the childhood residence of King Ludwig II of Bavaria. Credit: Ryan J. M. Laird

The weather treated us very well indeed, offering us some of the best views of each of the castles. The weather that week had been rather wet, so this came as a complete surprise. Only the day before was it almost completely overcast. Braced for inclement weather, I wore my coat and jumper which soon turned out to be a mistake in the heat.

A close-up view of Neuschwanstein among the bright sunshine during the tour. Credit: Ryan J. M. Laird

A close-up view of Neuschwanstein among the bright sunshine during the tour. Credit: Ryan J. M. Laird

View of the Alps from Neuschwanstein castle. Credit: Ryan J. M. Laird

View of the Alps from Neuschwanstein castle. Credit: Ryan J. M. Laird

Overall, we were treated to some stunning views. A truly brilliant birthday.

Featured image – Magnificent view of Neuschwanstein castle. Credit: Ryan J. M. Laird

Visit to the British Museum

travel

A couple of weeks ago I got to take a short trip back to the UK which was a chance to meet up with some old friends. As much as I have been to London countless times, it always amazes me how very much there is still to see – such a vast array of museums, galleries and sites, in a city so rich in culture and history.

To my shame, I had never visited the British Museum (or at least if I did, I was so young, I don’t remember). I frequently visit the National Science Museum and Natural History Museum, both in South Kensington alongside the Victoria and Albert Museum (V&A). My main interests are science and natural history and I always learn something new, of great interest in these.

So, for the first time, I finally visited the British Museum which includes such a huge array of exhibits on human history and culture from all around the world. It really amazed me how very much there is there – a permanent exhibit on millions of works across several millenia. My mind was completely blown.

One thing I am extremely proud of is how UK national museums are completely free. I think removing a financial barrier is important to allow visitors to freely explore the diversity and culture our nation offers. Of course, it’s important also to ensure museums can sustain this.

The highlight of my visit has to be the Rosetta Stone, which dates back to the year 196 BC at the time of King Ptolemy V inscribed with a decree in three scripts: the upper text is Ancient Egyptianhieroglyphs, the middle portion Demotic script, and the lowest Ancient Greek. It provided the key to unlock Egyptian hieroglyphs.

Rosetta logo: Credit: ESA

The European Space Agency (ESA)’s Rosetta mission is so-named after this very stone.  Just as the Rosetta Stone provided the key to an ancient civilisation, ESA’s Rosetta spacecraft will unlock the mysteries of the oldest building blocks of our Solar System – comets.  (Read more here).

In January, little Rosetta woke up from a deep space hibernation — a huge relief for ESA who hadn’t heard from its distant spacecraft for 31 months while it was conserving power. In November this year it will rendezvous with Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko in the first to attempt a landing on a comet’s surface, and the first to follow a comet as it swings around the Sun.

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The Rosetta Stone on display at the British Museum

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An Egyptian tomb at the British Museum

An Egyptian tomb at the British Museum

Ancient Greek pottery

Ancient Greek pottery

Wonderful quote I found at the British Museum

Wonderful quote I found at the British Museum

Bitte Zurückbleiben!

science, travel

Each morning I take the U-bahn (underground) from my current home in Garching to Garching Forschungszentrum (research centre) as I head to work at the European Southern Observatory (ESO). I’ve become familiar with the sound of the U-bahn: “Bitte Zurückbleiben!” (Please stand back!) as the doors of the train close.

The centre is also home to many other top scientific organisations. With more than 6,000 employees and more than 13,000 students, the Garching Forschungszentrum is one of the largest centres for science, research and teaching in Germany. I feel very privileged to be here.

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Garching Forschungszentrum U-bahn sign shows directions to some of the top scientific organisations in the world.

It’s hard to believe I have been here little over three months. I’m enjoying the sites, sounds and tastes of this quiet, little suburban town just outside Munich. As I head to work each morning, it is sometimes hard to resist the temptation of the local bakery.

Krapfen

A type of doughnut common to Germany, known as a “Krapfen” in Bavaria and much of Austria. More commonly known as a “Berliner”.

Pretzel (or "Bretzel" as they are known in Bavaria).

Pretzel (or “Bretzel” as they are known in Bavaria).

Of course, Bavaria is also famed for its beers. I personally prefer the ‘dunkles weißbier’ (or dark wheat beer). Most recently I visited the Hofbräuhaus with the giant one-litre beer jugs with huge bretzels.  Being vegetarian, sometimes choices of food can be quite difficult compared with home, but I have become accustomed to spätzle – a type of egg noodle which is best made with cheese. I first tried this in Austria and is not something you can generally find in the UK.

I’m hoping to make the most of the coming few months by exploring the surrounds of Munich more. I hear there are some wonderful castles. I hope to visit Salzburg and Innsbruck, each only an hour or so away in Austria. Maybe I can also stretch a visit to Switzerland to visit a friend, only a few hours or so away from here. I’m looking forward to the coming months here in central Europe.

Ground Control, Munich

human spaceflight, science, travel

A couple of weekends ago, I had the great pleasure of being invited to a tour around the Columbus Control Center at the German Space Operations Centre at DLR (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt – German Aerospace Centre) in Oberpfaffenhofen, 20km southwest of Munich.

Here is “mission control” which supports the European Columbus Laboratory, the European Space Agency (ESA)’s single biggest contribution to the International Space Station (ISS). Activities inside Columbus are monitored here, including maintaining life support systems. The Control Centre is a direct link to the ISS in orbit!

A model of the International Space Station at the German Space Operations Centre.

A model of the International Space Station at the German Space Operations Centre.

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Screens monitoring the Columbus laboratory on the ISS.

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Schedule of the astronaut’s activities on board the ISS.

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Me at the German Space Operations Centre.

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My visitors’ pass for the tour.